Sunday, 28 September 2014

Commercial Surrogacy

FULFILLMENT OF DREAM OF MOTHERHOOD
DR. SHARDA JAIN / DR. JYOTI BHSAKAR / DR. JYOTI AGARWAL 
               DIRECTORS OF LIFECARE IVF

Surrogacy is a “New Hope”towards fulfilment of parenthood. In “No Hope” infertile couple who are keen to have their own genetic or biological child in situations where the Woman is unable to carry the child in her own womb, surrogacy is only option. Previously these couples had no choice but to go for ADOPTION but now they can have their own child.



Surrogacy which  till now was considered as a “last hush hush method” for childless couples, is now being accepted more easily especially after it has been brought to the limelight by Bollywood stars “Aamir Khan- Kiran” and “Shahrukh- Gauri”. Now it has a kind of glamour and acceptability in public that it never had before.

  
WHAT IS SURROGACY ? 
WHICH INFERTILE COUPLES NEED TO GO FOR SURROGACY?

It is most suitable for women with
  • Repeated IVF Failures
  • Recurrent miscarriages
  • Absent uterus ( Congenital/ post surgical)
  • Damaged uterus ( Infection)
  • Medical conditions which  prohibit pregnancy
  • Single parent
SURROGACY  is  LEGAL IN INDIA
  • Surrogacy is legal in India & intended parents name figures on Birth certificate of the baby.
  • Donor Embryo (i.e. no contribution by the parents) is not permissible. One of the parents should have biological connection with newborn
WHO CAN BECOME A SURROGATE MOTHER ?
A relative , a known person, as well as a person unknown to the couple may act as a surrogate mother for the couple. No women may act as a surrogate more than thrice in her lifetime.


WHY IS INDIA BECOMING A HUB FOR SURROGACY?

Commercial Surrogacy was legalised in India in 2002.
Easily available surrogate mother or  gamete donor has made India a favored destination for various IVF procedures.

 
IN ADDITION

  • Surrogacy Treatment is Economical In India
  • Best Of IVF technology is available here
  • Easy to find Surrogate Mother In India
  • Legal Aspect of Surrogacy as law are in favour of surrogacy treatment.
 COST is very Very  Reasonable

It is estimated that in the United States the whole procedure can cost $45,000 to $60,000+ ; while In India Surrogacy costs about one third i.e. $ 20,000 – 25,000 compared to USA cost . Moreover laws in US and UK do not allow the surrogate woman to charge the childless couple; whereas in India there are no laws preventing a surrogate woman in accepting compensation for renting her womb.

SURROGACY IS AN ACT OF KINDNESS AND DEDICATION.
The act of becoming a surrogate mother is not only a self-sacrificing but truly a brave decision. It is a Biggest Gift of compassion, patience and love from one woman to another

Surrogacy programme Uplifts surrogate women’s family status as these women belong to low socio economic status:
  • Renumeration leads to independence
  • Provides better living condition to the lady and her family
  • Helps in Education to their children or building a house.
     
Surrogacy is seen by many critics as an act of exploitation.
Now the things are changing!! 

At present there are surrogate agencies who make contract with these women and provide humane conditions for living not just for the surrogate but for their whole families. Of course we need more elaborate and stricter laws and self checks to prevent the exploitation of these needy women. 
The resulting surge of Surrogacy cases in the country has posed a number of ethical , legal, social and moral dilemmas.
Several legal issues are being sorted out by the ICMR .Many Forums are working closely with the government to ease out these issues and provide greater security & insurance cover to the surrogates. 

SUCCESS RATE  IN SURROGACY

Donor eggs & surrogacy = 70% plus
Surrogacy with fresh Egg  Cycle  = 50-60%
Frozen Egg cycle & surrogacy   = 40%

CHALLENGES  STILL  REMAINING

When science and technology open  new door for society – it also opens a pandrora box of “real life stories” which shows evils that menace humanity. Eg.


1.    Japanese surrogate Baby “Manjhi”
2.    Tale of German Twins

Even as India is fast emerging as a major destination for surrogate pregnancies, such birth are still unregulated in few areas in the countries. According to governing laws, parents have to adopt their surrogate child and adoption laws in some countries make it difficult for single father to adopt girl child.

CONCLUSION

SURROGACY IS HERE TO STAY IN INDIA

Surrogacy in India is gaining more acceptability in our society and is no longer considered a taboo by infertile couples.
It is a source of happiness for both the infertile couple and the surrogate mother.
We need the laws to be made more stringent so that this profession of surrogacy no longer is considered or viewed as an act of exploitation.


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